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Coastal Community, Mangrove Management and Livelihoods




Siemenpuu Foundation & JAPESDA

Indonesia, Gorontalo Province, North Sulawesi


Project description

Mangrove forests are important for local communities’ livelihoods, as they provide breeding grounds for the fish and other marine biota. They also provide protection against extreme weather phenomena.

The project will increase the target area residents’ awareness on the importance of mangroves, restore mangroves in two target villages, strengthen the capacity of village fishermen's cooperatives, train fishermen in fish farming, processing and marketing, as well as provide them with intensive counseling and guidance.


As a result of the project, the quality of the mangrove ecosystem in the area is expected to improve through restoration and more sustainable management, as the restoration of four mangrove hectares, the improved environmental awareness as well as restoration and management capacity of the local communities are expected to have a positive effect on the 3 109 hectares of mangroves found in the two villages. Fishermen's income and livelihoods are expected to improve through the development of fish farming, processing and marketing as two fishermen’s groups are trained on these themes, and fish-breeding and processing demonstration plots are established in both villages. The project will benefit the approximately 40 members of the two fishermen groups and a total of 2 566 inhabitants of the two target villages. The target villages are Torosiaje Jaya and Siduwonge in the Pohuwato area, Gorontalo province, in North Sulawesi.

Mangrove forests restore carbon three fold compared to ordinary rainforests. Two thirds of the approximately 24,000 hectares of mangroves in Gorontalo have been severely affected by logging, especially for the construction of fish ponds, and the local government is unable to monitor the compliance of its conservation regulation.


Villagers cut forests because of poverty, and they are not able to prevent external loggers. In the project, fishermen are trained in fish farming, refining and marketing in order for them to gain better livelihood from the catch they currently sell below market prices. The project is implemented by an NGO called Jaring Advocacy Pengelola Sumberdaya Alam (JAPESDA).

JAPESDA ("Advocacy Network Natural Resources Management") was founded in Gorontalo, Northern Sulawesi in 2001 by eight environmental organizations, but later-on its membership became individual based. JAPESDA's objective is to support the sovereignty of natural resources management to promote people's well-being. It has done active advocacy on human rights, gender equality and natural resource management, research on natural resource management, as well as organized trainings.


1. Increased quality of mangrove-ecosystem through restoration and management:

4 acres of restored mangrove forest in two villages, increased environmental awereness and restoration- and management capacity amongst local communities

2. Increased income for fishers through development of fish production, refining and marketing:

Two groups of fishers trained in fishing and fish farming, fish refining and marketing. Two education farms for fish farming and refining set up.